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Sound Practices: implications of fintech developments for banks and bank supervisors

Summary:
The Sound Practices on the implications of fintech developments for banks and bank supervisors assesses how technology-driven innovation in financial services, or "fintech", may affect the banking industry and the activities of supervisors in the near to medium term. Various future potential scenarios are considered, with their specific risks and opportunities. In addition to the banking industry scenarios, three case studies focus on technology developments (big data, distributed ledger technology and cloud computing) and three on fintech business models (innovative payment services, lending platforms and neo-banks). Against this backdrop, current observations suggest that although the banking industry has undergone multiple innovations in the past,

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The Sound Practices on the implications of fintech developments for banks and bank supervisors assesses how technology-driven innovation in financial services, or "fintech", may affect the banking industry and the activities of supervisors in the near to medium term.

Various future potential scenarios are considered, with their specific risks and opportunities. In addition to the banking industry scenarios, three case studies focus on technology developments (big data, distributed ledger technology and cloud computing) and three on fintech business models (innovative payment services, lending platforms and neo-banks).

Against this backdrop, current observations suggest that although the banking industry has undergone multiple innovations in the past, the rapid adoption of enabling technologies and emergence of new business models pose an increasing challenge to incumbent banks in almost all the banking industry scenarios considered.

In addition, the Committee surveyed its members' frameworks and practices in relation to fintech matters, and carried out a public consultation in August 2017.

Building on the supportive feedback, the Committee has further specified the nature and scope of its contribution and has enhanced its 10 key implications and considerations on the following supervisory issues:

  1. the overarching need to ensure safety and soundness and high compliance standards without inhibiting beneficial innovation in the banking sector
  2. the key risks for banks related to fintech developments, including strategic/profitability risks, operational, cyber- and compliance risks
  3. the implications for banks of the use of innovative enabling technologies
  4. the implications for banks of the growing use of third parties, via outsourcing and/or partnerships
  5. cross-sectoral cooperation between bank supervisors and other relevant authorities
  6. international cooperation between bank supervisors
  7. adaptation of the supervisory skill set
  8. potential opportunities for supervisors to use innovative technologies ("suptech")
  9. relevance of existing regulatory frameworks for new innovative business models
  10. key features of regulatory initiatives set up to facilitate fintech innovation
International Settlement
The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) is an international company limited by shares owned by central banks which "fosters international monetary and financial cooperation and serves as a bank for central banks". The BIS carries out its work through subcommittees, the secretariats it hosts and through an annual general meeting of all member banks. It also provides banking services, but only to central banks and other international organizations. It is based in Basel, Switzerland, with representative offices in Hong Kong and Mexico City.

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