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Tag Archives: G20

The Great Divergence: A Fork in the Road for the Global Economy

By Kristalina Georgieva عربي, Español, 日本語, Русский  As G20 finance ministers and central bank governors meet virtually this week, the world continues to climb back from the worst recession in peacetime since the Great Depression. The IMF recently projected global GDP growth at 5.5 per cent this year and 4.2 per cent in 2022. But it is going to be a long and uncertain ascent. Most of the world is facing a slow rollout of vaccines even as new virus mutations are spreading—and the prospects for...

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A Race Between Vaccines and the Virus as Recoveries Diverge

By Gita Gopinath عربي, 中文, Español, Français, 日本語,  Português, Русский  In just three months since we released our last forecast in October, recorded COVID-19 deaths have doubled to over 2 million, as new waves have lifted infections past previous peaks in many countries. In these same three months, multiple vaccines have seen unexpectedly strong success and some countries have started ambitious vaccination drives. Much now depends on the outcome of this race between a mutating virus and...

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Global Policy Responses to Capital Flow Volatility

By Annamaria De Crescenzio, Annamaria Kokenyne, Dennis Reinhart, and Julia Schmidt The COVID-19 health and economic crisis has once again focused attention on the fickleness of capital flows and the need to have an adequate policy toolkit to manage the risks that stem from these flows, while maximizing their benefits. A virtual workshop organized by the Bank of England, Banque de France, International Monetary Fund and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)...

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How Governments Can Create a Green, Job-rich Global Recovery

By Kristalina Georgieva and Rajiv J. Shah عربي, 中文, Français, 日本語, Português, Русский  Climate change and the COVID-19 crisis have a great deal in common. Both are human tragedies and economic catastrophes: The pandemic has taken more than a million lives, thrown hundreds of millions out of work, and is projected to wipe out $28 trillion in output over the next five years; climate change’s effects, meanwhile, are upending lives and livelihoods. Both crises are most devastating for...

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Chart of the WeekHow a Collective Infrastructure Push Will Boost Global Growth

By IMFBlog عربي, 中文, Español, Français, Português, Русский  With vaccines around the corner, there is increased hope that the pandemic could soon be under better control. That said, the need for cooperative efforts to work toward a better future has never been greater. Priority areas relate to the need to produce and distribute vaccines globally, tackle climate change, and bolster the economic recovery from the crisis. An IMF report published ahead of the G20 leaders meeting argues that a...

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Continued Strong Policy Action to Combat Uncertainty

By Kristalina Georgieva Español, Français, 日本語, Português, Русский  As G20 leaders meet virtually this week, the global economy faces a critical juncture. Countries have started to climb back from the depths of the COVID-19 crisis. But the resurgence in infections in many economies shows just how difficult and uncertain this ascent will be. The good news is the significant progress on vaccine development. While there are many caveats, this raises hopes of vanquishing the virus that has taken...

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A Leap Forward on Cross-Border Payments

By Tobias Adrian and Kristalina Georgieva عربي, Español, Français, 日本語, Português, Русский  When paying for coffee, we swipe, tap, wave, and soon may wink—a quick and painless exchange of coffee for money. But when paying for imports or sending remittances, we often fill-out forms, wait for days, and pay—too much. Progress to improve cross-border payments has been slow, but is just about to take off. That is how history evolves—one small step at a time, until it suddenly leaps forward. The...

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Combating COVID-19: How Should Banking Supervisors Respond?

By Tobias Adrian  and Ceyla Pazarbasioglu عربي, 中文,  Español, Français,Русский  The massive macro-financial shock caused by the pandemic continues to ravage the global economy and has put both banks and borrowers under severe strain. Supervisors find themselves confronted with unprecedented challenges which call for decisive action to ensure that banking systems support the real economy while preserving financial stability. This blog introduces nine joint IMF-World Bank recommendations to...

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Chart of the WeekTracking the $9 Trillion Global Fiscal Support to Fight COVID-19

By Bryn Battersby, W. Raphael Lam, and Elif Ture Governments have put forward swift and significant emergency lifelines to protect people in response to the pandemic. We measured these in the April 2020 Fiscal Monitor and as countries have stepped up their efforts, we have updated the numbers. The upward revision was largely because of a second wave of measures by governments as the economic fallout from the pandemic proves more severe. So, where does the global fiscal support stand now?...

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Fiscal Policies to Contain the Damage from COVID-19

Vitor Gaspar, W. Raphael Lam, and Mehdi Raissi عربي, 中文, Español, Français, 日本語, Português, Русский In times of pandemic, fiscal policy is key to save lives and protect people. Governments have to do whatever it takes. But they must make sure to keep the receipts. The Fiscal Monitor shows how policymakers can offer emergency lifelines to: save lives; protect people from losing jobs and incomes, and companies from bankruptcies; and enable a recovery. So far, countries have taken fiscal...

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