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Tag Archives: Household Finance

If Prices Fall, Mortgage Foreclosures Will Rise

Andrew Haughwout and Belicia Rodriguez In our previous post, we illustrated the recent extraordinarily strong growth in home prices and explored some of its key spatial patterns. Such price increases remind many of the first decade of the 2000s when home prices reversed, contributing to a broad housing market collapse that led to a wave of foreclosures, a financial crisis, and a prolonged recession. This post explores the risk that such an event could recur if home prices go into...

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Forbearance Participation Declines as Programs’ End Nears

Andrew Haughwout, Donghoon Lee, Joelle Scally, and Wilbert van der Klaauw The Federal Reserve Bank of New York’s Center for Microeconomic Data today released its Quarterly Report on Household Debt and Credit for the second quarter of 2021. It showed that overall household debt increased at a quick clip over the period, with a $322 billion increase in balances, boosted primarily by a 2.8 percent increase in mortgage balances, a 2.2 percent increase in credit card balances, and a 2.4 percent...

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Who Received Forbearance Relief?

Rajashri Chakrabarti, Jessica Lu, Joelle Scally, and Wilbert van der Klaauw Forbearance on debt repayment was a key provision of the CARES Act, legislation intended to combat the widespread economic losses stemming from the COVID-19 pandemic. This pause on required payments for federally guaranteed mortgages and student loans has provided temporary relief to those affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, and servicers of nonfederal loans often provided forbearances or other relief on request as...

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Credit, Income, and Inequality

Manthos Delis, Fulvia Fringuellotti, and Steven Ongena Access to credit plays a central role in shaping economic opportunities of households and businesses. Access to credit also plays a crucial role in helping an economy successfully exit from the pandemic doldrums. The ability to get a loan may allow individuals to purchase a home, invest in education and training, or start and then expand a business. Hence access to credit has important implications for upward mobility and...

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What Happens during Mortgage Forbearance?

Andrew Haughwout, Donghoon Lee, Joelle Scally, and Wilbert van der Klaauw As we discussed in our previous post, millions of mortgage borrowers have entered forbearance since the beginning of the pandemic, and more than 2 million remain in a program as of March 2021. In this post, we use our Consumer Credit Panel (CCP) data to examine borrower behavior while in forbearance. The credit bureau data are ideal for this purpose because they allow us to follow borrowers...

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What Happens during Mortgage Forbearance?

Andrew Haughwout, Donghoon Lee, Joelle Scally, and Wilbert van der Klaauw As we discussed in our previous post, millions of mortgage borrowers have entered forbearance since the beginning of the pandemic, and more than 2 million remain in a program as of March 2021. In this post, we use our Consumer Credit Panel (CCP) data to examine borrower behavior while in forbearance. The credit bureau data are ideal for this purpose because they allow us to follow borrowers over...

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Who’s Ready to Spend? Constrained Consumption across the Income Distribution

David Dam, Davide Melcangi, Laura Pilossoph, and Will Schirmer Spending on goods and services that were constrained during the pandemic is expected to grow at a fast pace as the economy reopens. In this post, we look at detailed spending data to track which consumption categories were the most constrained by the pandemic due to social distancing. We find that, in 2019, high-income households typically spent relatively more on these pandemic-constrained goods and services. Our...

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Racial and Income Gaps in Consumer Spending following COVID-19

Ruchi Avtar, Rajashri Chakrabarti, Maxim Pinkovskiy, and Giorgio Topa This post is the first in a two-part series that seeks to understand whether consumer spending patterns during the COVID-19 pandemic evolved differentially across counties by race and income. As the pandemic hit and social distancing restrictions were put into place in March 2020, consumer spending plummeted. Subsequently, as social distancing restrictions began to be relaxed later in spring 2020, consumer...

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Who’s Ready to Spend? Constrained Consumption across the Income Distribution

David Dam, Davide Melcangi, Laura Pilossoph, and Will Schirmer Spending on goods and services that were constrained during the pandemic is expected to grow at a fast pace as the economy reopens. In this post, we look at detailed spending data to track which consumption categories were the most constrained by the pandemic due to social distancing. We find that, in 2019, high-income households typically spent relatively more on these pandemic-constrained goods and services. Our findings...

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