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Tag Archives: Investment

Financial Perils in Check for Now, Eyes Turn to Risk of Market Correction

By Tobias Adrian and Fabio Natalucci عربي, 中文, Español, Français, 日本語, Português, Русский  “The vaccines are here!”—the cry heard and welcomed the world over—has boosted hopes of a global economic recovery in 2021. Yet until vaccines are widely available, the market rally and the economic recovery rest on continued monetary and fiscal policy support. While there is for now no alternative to continued monetary policy support, there are legitimate concerns around excessive risk-taking and...

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Chart of the WeekHow the Rich Get Richer

By Davide Malacrino Wealth begets wealth. This simple concept of privilege has added to growing discontent with inequality that has escalated under the shadow of the COVID-19 pandemic. A paper co-authored this year by economists from the IMF and other institutions confirms that wealthier people are more likely to earn higher returns on their investments. It also shows that the children of wealthy people, while likely to inherit that wealth, aren’t necessarily going to make the same high...

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Chart of the WeekThe Crisis is Not Over, Keep Spending (Wisely)

By Oya Celasun, Lone Christiansen, and Margaux MacDonald The pandemic-induced economic crisis is set to leave deep scars. Human capital erosion from prolonged high unemployment and school closures, value destruction from bankruptcies, and constraints on future fiscal policy from elevated public debt top the list. Groups that were already poor and vulnerable are set to see the largest setbacks. Swift and unprecedented action by policymakers, including among the Group of Twenty (G20) advanced...

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Outlook for Latin America and the Caribbean: New Challenges to Growth

By Alejandro Werner Economic activity in Latin America and the Caribbean stagnated in 2019, continuing with the weak growth momentum of the previous five years and adding more urgency and new challenges to reignite growth. Indeed, real GDP per capita in the region has declined by 0.6 percent per year on average during 2014–2019—a sharp contrast from the commodity boom’s average increase of two percent per year during 2000–2013. This weak momentum reflects structural and cyclical factors....

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Tentative Stabilization, Sluggish Recovery?

By Gita Gopinath عربي, 中文, Español, Français, 日本語, Русский In the October World Economic Outlook, we described the global economy as in a synchronized slowdown, with escalating downside risks that could further derail growth. Since then, some risks have partially receded with the announcement of a US-China Phase I trade deal and lower likelihood of a no-deal Brexit. Monetary policy has continued to support growth and buoyant financial conditions. With these developments, there are now...

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Fiscal Policies to Curb Climate Change

By Vitor Gaspar, Paolo Mauro, Ian Parry, and Catherine Pattillo عربي, 中文, Español, Français, 日本語, Português, Русский Global warming has become a clear and present threat. Actions and commitments to date have fallen short. The longer we wait, the greater the loss of life and damage to the world economy. Finance ministers must play a central role to champion and implement fiscal policies to curb climate change. To do so, they should reshape the tax system and fiscal policies to discourage...

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Connecting the Dots Between Sustainable Finance and Financial Stability

Evan Papageorgiou, Jochen Schmittmann, and Felix Suntheim عربي, 中文, Español, Français, 日本語, Português, Русский Unsafe working conditions. Use of child or forced labor. Environmental impact on protected areas. More and more investors are looking at issues and factors beyond traditional financial analysis when directing their money. Sustainable finance aims to help society better meet today’s needs and ensure that future generations will be able to meet theirs too. The latest IMF Global...

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A Capital Market Union for Europe: Why it’s Needed and How to Get There

By Ashok Vir Bhatia, Srobona Mitra, and Anke Weber When savers and firms invest and borrow beyond their national borders, they enjoy opportunities to diversify their portfolios and lower their funding costs, respectively. In Europe, this idea—of an integrated financial system that offers a richness of financing choice—remains an elusive goal: capital markets are far from integrated. Our recent research finds that European finance is still sharply segmented along national lines, with...

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A Role for Financial and Monetary Policies in Climate Change Mitigation

By William Oman Español July 2019 was the hottest month ever recorded on earth, with countries across the world experiencing record-breaking temperatures. A prolonged drought is affecting millions of people in East Africa, and in August 2019 Greenland lost 12.5 billion tons of ice in one day. A review of the literature by IMF staff aims to spur discussion of what policies to mitigate climate change could or should include. The review suggests that, while fiscal tools are first in line,...

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chart of the weekFuel for Thought: Ditch the Subsidies

By IMFBlog Pensions, education, healthcare, better infrastructure, technology, and climate change: fiscal policymakers have their work cut out for them on many fronts.  Whether you live in a rapidly aging advanced economy,  or a low-income or emerging market economy with a young, booming population, all these issues matter for you.  As the Fiscal Monitor in April 2019 shows, government policies on taxes and spending have to adapt and should shift to growth-enhancing investment.  This means,...

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