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Tag Archives: productivity

Chart of the WeekThe Rise of Powerful Companies

By IMFBlog People are concerned that the rising power of big successful companies could lower capital investment, weaken productivity, and reduce people’s take-home pay. While rising corporate market power has had a fairly limited negative economic impact so far, if left unchecked, it could take a bigger toll on growth and people’s income. Our Chart of the Week from the April World Economic Outlook analyzes nearly 1 million companies from 27 advanced and emerging market economies since the...

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How to Keep Corporate Power in Check

By Federico Díez and Romain Duval عربي, 中文, Español,  Français, 日本語, Português, Русский People are becoming concerned that the rising power of big successful companies may be behind some of the recent sluggish economic growth and rising income inequality. Are these concerns justified? Our research in Chapter 2 of the April World Economic Outlook looks at this question using data for nearly 1 million companies from 27 advanced and emerging market economies since the early 2000s. We find...

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Why Investment May Come Under Threat

By Weicheng Lian, Natalija Novta, and Petia Topalova عربي, 中文, Español, Français, 日本語, Português, Русский It might be hard to imagine a time when a 512 kilobyte computer cost more than $28,000. That was in 1984. Today, you can buy a much more powerful computer for under $300. Prices of machinery and equipment have been falling relative to overall prices for decades, thanks to rising trade and sweeping technological improvements that led to more efficient production of capital goods. This...

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Economic Forces, Not Tariffs, Drive Changes in Trade Balances

By Johannes Eugster, Florence Jaumotte, Margaux MacDonald, and Roberto Piazza عربي, 中文, Español, 日本語, Português New IMF research finds that macroeconomic factors, not tariffs, explain most of the changes in trade balances between two countries. Bilateral trade balances (the difference in the value of exports and imports between two countries) have come under scrutiny recently. Some policymakers are concerned that their large and rising size are the result of uneven measures that distort...

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Top 10 Charts of the Week for 2018

By IMFBlog January 7, 2019 Looking ahead (photo: Newsis/Reuters/Newscom) A picture is worth a thousand words.  The portraits of the global economy in our Chart of the Week series have proven a hit, and to help you start the year with just the right facts and figures, we have pulled together your top reads of 2018.  Here are the top ten charts of the week for 2018, based on your readership. 5 Charts That Explain the Global Economy in 2018 Chart of the Week: Government Debt Is Not...

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The Uneven Path Ahead: The Effect of Brexit on Different Sectors in the UK Economy

By Jiaqian Chen December 4, 2018 中文, Русский A UK border agency worker holds a passport: As a member of the European Union, free labor mobility has enabled the UK to hire talent from across the EU (photo: Mac Gregor/Reuters/Newscom) The United Kingdom is set to leave the European Union in March 2019. Our research suggests that all likely Brexit outcomes will entail an economic cost for the UK, and these costs would be unevenly spread across different sectors and regions. The UK’s...

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G20: Step Up to Boost Inclusive Growth

By Christine Lagarde November 28, 2018 عربي, 中文, Español, Português, Русский Puerto Madero harbor, Buenos Aires, Argentina: G20 countries will need to act swiftly and together to boost inclusive growth (photo: Florian Kopp imageBROKER/Newscom) As G20 leaders gather in Argentina, the global economy faces a critical juncture. We have had a good stretch of solid growth by historical standards, but now we are facing a period where significant risks are materializing and darker clouds are...

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Chart of the Week: Grading the G-20 on its Growth Goals

By Helge Berger and Margaux MacDonald November 19, 2018  Español, Português Growth is stronger in the G-20 but progress toward more balanced, sustainable, and inclusive growth is slow (photo: Egon Bömsch imageBROKER/Newscom) This blog is dedicated to the memory of Giang Ho, an IMF economist who died suddenly this past August. Her efforts and ingenuity were critical to carrying out this analytical work. We miss her and will never forget her.  How close has the Group of Twenty...

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Women, Technology, and the Future of Work

By Era Dabla-Norris and Kalpana Kochhar November 16, 2018 Women are currently underrepresented in fields experiencing job growth, such as engineering and information and communication technology (photo: Vgajic/iStock by Getty Images) The way we work is changing at an unprecedented rate. Digitalization, artificial intelligence, and machine learning are eliminating many jobs involving low and middle-skill routine tasks through automation. Our new research finds the trend toward greater...

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Chart of the Week: Bye Bye Baby—How Crises Affect Fertility Rates

By IMFBlog November 13, 2018 Increasing access to affordable and high-quality childcare can make it easier for families to have more children (photo: Franziska Kraufmann/dpa/Newscom) The global financial crisis a decade ago and the resulting recession left long-lasting scars on future growth in more ways than one. Our October World Economic Outlook points to signs that the crisis may have had lasting effects on potential economic growth through its impact on fertility rates and...

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