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Tag Archives: Transparency

Checking the Receipts from Pandemic-Related Spending

By Chady El Khoury, Jiro Honda, Johan Mathisen, and Etienne Yehoue Governments around the world are playing a crucial role in providing lifelines to people and firms to help combat the pandemic and its economic fallout. To support the effectiveness of these efforts, it is important that such spending be subject to adequate transparency and accountability. The IMF presses for better governance through greater transparency. To this end, the IMF has called for ensuring transparency and...

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Transparency Makes Central Banks More Effective and Trusted

By Tobias Adrian, Ghiath Shabsigh, and Ashraf Khan The role and mandates of central banks have become broader and more complex since the 2008 global financial crisis. The unconventional nature and growing scale of interventions (as seen again during the COVID-19 pandemic) have brought on much higher scrutiny. More transparency and accountability are required to maintain public support, safeguard independence, and enhance policy effectiveness. The IMF has developed a Central Bank Transparency...

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Combating COVID-19: How Should Banking Supervisors Respond?

By Tobias Adrian  and Ceyla Pazarbasioglu عربي, 中文,  Español, Français,Русский  The massive macro-financial shock caused by the pandemic continues to ravage the global economy and has put both banks and borrowers under severe strain. Supervisors find themselves confronted with unprecedented challenges which call for decisive action to ensure that banking systems support the real economy while preserving financial stability. This blog introduces nine joint IMF-World Bank recommendations to...

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State-Owned Enterprises in the Time of COVID-19

Vitor Gaspar, Paulo Medas, and John Ralyea عربي, 中文, Español, Français, 日本語, Português, Русский The pandemic has highlighted the role of the public sector in saving lives and livelihoods. State-owned enterprises are part of that effort. They can be public utilities that provide essential services. Or public banks that provide loans to small businesses. But some are also struggling and adding to the burden on government finances. These range from national oil companies that are dealing with a...

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Policy Action for a Healthy Global Economy

This blog is part of a special series on the response to the coronavirus. By Kristalina Georgieva 中文, Русский While quarantining and social distancing is the right prescription to combat COVID-19’s public health impact, the exact opposite is needed when it comes to securing the global economy. Constant contact and close coordination are the best medicine to ensure that the economic pain inflicted by the virus is relatively short-lived. Many governments have already taken significant...

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Central Bank Accountability, Independence, and Transparency

By Tobias Adrian and Ashraf Khan Español, Português In August 1694, the Bank of England opened for business with a staff of 19. The original Royal Charter, granted by King William and Queen Mary, tasked the Bank to “promote the public Good and Benefit of our People.” As a private company, its independence from the government was not then contemplated. Though it would eventually come—some 300 years later—when, in May 1997, the British government gave the Bank operational independence over...

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A Capital Market Union for Europe: Why it’s Needed and How to Get There

By Ashok Vir Bhatia, Srobona Mitra, and Anke Weber When savers and firms invest and borrow beyond their national borders, they enjoy opportunities to diversify their portfolios and lower their funding costs, respectively. In Europe, this idea—of an integrated financial system that offers a richness of financing choice—remains an elusive goal: capital markets are far from integrated. Our recent research finds that European finance is still sharply segmented along national lines, with...

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A Global Picture of Public Wealth

By Jason Harris, Abdelhak Senhadji, and Alexander F. Tieman Español, Português Our new data on government assets shows that when governments know what they own, they can make better use of the assets for the well-being of all their citizens.  We make these data free and publicly available for all to use because we believe transparency can help create better public policy.  The chart shows that advanced economies have larger balance sheets compared to emerging markets and low-income...

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Communications as a Policy Tool

By Gerry Rice and Olga Stankova عربي, 中文, Español, Русский When it comes to forging economic policy, communicating with the public is no longer an afterthought. Instead, communications are increasingly seen as a policy tool in itself. To be sure, communications can never be a substitute for good policies. But economic reforms are more likely to fail or even be reversed unless they are understood, believed, and accepted by those whom they affect. The same principle applies to a wide range of...

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Let Bank Supervisors Do Their Jobs

By Tobias Adrian and Aditya Narain Healthy banking sector. Healthy economy. So goes the thinking. Banks play a vital role in economic life—whether for individual consumers, or more broadly across an entire economy—and a strong and stable banking system is a matter of public concern. As part of their work, supervisors identify potential weak points in the system and take prompt corrective action. They need the freedom and flexibility to carry this out. The world learned this lesson all too...

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